'''Abraham Lincoln''' (; February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American politician and lawyer who served as the List of Presidents of the United States|16th President of the United States
from March 1861 until Assassination of Abraham Lincoln|his assassination in April 1865
. Lincoln led the United States through its American Civil War|Civil War
—its bloodiest war and perhaps its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis.
In doing so, he preserved the Union (American Civil War)|Union
, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy.
Born in Hodgenville, Kentucky
, Lincoln grew up on the American frontier|western frontier
. Largely self-educated, he became a lawyer in Illinois
, a Whig Party (United States)|Whig Party leader
, and was elected to the Illinois House of Representatives
, in which he served...